The Egyptians and Syrians advanced during the first 24—48 hours, after which momentum began to swing in Israel's favor. By the second week of the war, the Syrians had been pushed entirely out of the Golan Heights. In the Sinai to the south, the Israelis had struck at the "hinge" between two invading Egyptian armies, crossed the Suez Canal where the old ceasefire line had beenand cut off an entire Egyptian army just as a United Nations ceasefire came into effect.
An official cablegram from the Secretary-General of the League of Arab States to the UN Secretary-General on 15 May stated publicly that Arab Governments found "themselves compelled to intervene for the sole purpose of restoring peace and security and establishing law and order in Palestine" Clause 10 e.
Further in Clause 10 e: The remainder of the Mandate consisted of Jordan, the area that came to be called the West Bank controlled by Jordanand the Gaza Strip controlled by Egypt. Prior to and during this conflict, Palestinian Arabs fled their original lands to become Palestinian refugeesin part due to a promise from Arab leaders that they would be able to return when the war had been won, and also in part due to attacks on Palestinian villages and towns by Israeli forces and Jewish militant groups.
The War came to an end with the signing of the Armistice Agreements between Israel and each of its Arab neighbours. The status of Jewish citizens in Arab states worsened during the Israeli-Arab war.
Anti-Jewish riots erupted throughout the Arab World in Decemberand Jewish communities were hit particularly hard in Aleppo and British-controlled Adenwith hundreds of dead and injured. In LibyaJews were deprived of citizenship, and in Iraq, their property was seized. Over the course of twenty years, someJews from Arab countries immigrated to Israel and other countries.
Many argued that this was also a violation of the Armistice Agreements. The United States and the United Nations soon pressured it into a ceasefire.
Egypt agreed to freedom of navigation in the region and the demilitarization of the Sinai. The Arabs responded by trying to divert the headwaters of the Jordan, leading to growing conflict between Israel and Syria.
On 30 MayJordan signed a mutual defense pact with Egypt. On 5 June, Israel launched an attack on Egypt. The results of the war affect the geopolitics of the region to this day. Once Sadat took over, he tried to forge positive relations with the USA, hoping that they would put pressure on Israel to return the land, by expelling 15, Russian advisors from Egypt.
The Israeli military were caught off guard and unprepared, and took about three days to fully mobilize. In addition, these Arab countries agreed to enforce an oil embargo on industrial nations including the U.
S, Japan and Western European Countries. These OPEC countries increased the price of oil fourfold, and used it as a political weapon to gain support against Israel. The United States, wary of nuclear warsecured a ceasefire on 25 October. Under its terms, the Sinai Peninsula returned to Egyptian hands, and the Gaza Strip remained under Israeli control, to be included in a future Palestinian state.
The agreement also provided for the free passage of Israeli ships through the Suez Canal and recognition of the Straits of Tiran and the Gulf of Aqaba as international waterways.
Israel—Jordan relations In OctoberIsrael and Jordan signed a peace agreementwhich stipulated mutual cooperation, an end of hostilities, the fixing of the Israel-Jordan border, and a resolution of other issues.
The conflict between them had cost roughly It was signed at the southern border crossing of Arabah on 26 October and made Jordan only the second Arab country after Egypt to sign a peace accord with Israel.
Iraq—Israel relations Israel and Iraq have been implacable foes since During the Gulf War inIraq fired 39 Scud missiles into Israel, in the hopes of uniting the Arab world against the coalition which sought to liberate Kuwait.
At the behest of the United States, Israel did not respond to this attack in order to prevent a greater outbreak of war. September is known as the Black September in Arab history and sometimes is referred to as the "era of regrettable events". In another conflict between Israel and the PLO broke out, which ended with a ceasefire agreement that did not solve the core of the conflict.
In JuneIsrael invaded Lebanon. Within two months the PLO agreed to withdraw thence. In MarchIsrael and Lebanon signed a ceasefire agreement.
In andIsrael launched major operations against the Shiite militia of Hezbollahwhich had become an emergent threat. In Maythe newly elected government of Ehud Barak authorized a withdrawal from Southern Lebanon, fulfilling an election promise to do so well ahead of a declared deadline.
The hasty withdrawal lead to the immediate collapse of the South Lebanon Armyand many members either got arrested or fled to Israel.
Israeli—Palestinian conflict The s were marked by a large number of major, international terrorist attacks, including the Lod Airport massacre and the Munich Olympics Massacre inand the Entebbe Hostage Taking inwith over Jewish hostages of different nationalities kidnapped and held in Uganda.
In Decemberthe First Intifada began. The First Intifada was a mass Palestinian uprising against Israeli rule in the Palestinian territories. Palestinian actions ranged from civil disobedience to violence. In addition to general strikes, boycotts on Israeli products, graffiti and barricades, Palestinian demonstrations that included stone-throwing by youths against the Israel Defense Forces brought the Intifada international attention.
The PLO, which until then had never been recognised as the leaders of the Palestinian people by Israel, was invited to peace negotiations the following year, after it recognized Israel and renounced terrorism. As a result, in SeptemberIsrael and the PLO signed the Oslo Accordsknown as the Declaration of Principles or Oslo I; in side lettersIsrael recognized the PLO as the legitimate representative of the Palestinian people while the PLO recognized the right of the state of Israel to exist and renounced terrorism, violence and its desire for the destruction of Israel.The United Nations has an extreme anti-Israel bias.
This anti-Israel stance of the UN is a natural consequence of its membership structure. 21 members of the UN are Arab countries, and 52 members represent Islamic countries. The Arab–Israeli conflict is a modern phenomenon, which has its roots in the end of the 19th century. The conflict became a major international issue with the birth of Israel in The Arab–Israeli conflict has resulted in at least five major wars and a number of minor conflicts.
The Role of the U.N. in Creating the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict By Jeremy R.
Hammond The United Nations was founded with the stated aim of maintaining peace among nations, but the reality is that not only has it consistently failed to prevent international conflicts, it has had no small part in causing them.
The Arab–Israeli conflict is a modern phenomenon, which has its roots in the end of the 19th century. The conflict became a major international issue with the birth of Israel in The Arab–Israeli conflict has resulted in at least five major wars and a number of minor conflicts.
After World War II, the newly formed United Nations (which then had less developing countries as members) recommended the partition of Palestine into two states and the internationalization of Jerusalem.
The Anatomy of the Arab-Israeli Conflict from Megastories. Palestine, A history of conflict, a timeline from the BBC.
Straw blames. The Arab-Israeli Conflict: Basic Facts - from the Israel Science and Technology Homepage The Arab-Israeli Conflict (The International Policy Institute for Counter Terrorism) The Arab-Israeli Conflict in Maps - From Ottoman Rule to the Present.