This estimate is uncertain but two things cannot be denied. Firstly, the numbers of refugees that attempt to cross into Europe by sea are much higher than ever before.
Experts from Princeton and Rutgers discussed the causes and consequences of Europe's ongoing refugee crisis. Experts discuss causes and consequences of refugee crisis. October 1, puzzled by the fact that a vast majority of Germans supported the government’s decision to admit almost a million refugees so far this year and an. Hence, there is some cause for concern. On the other hand, these studies acknowledge that, despite their alarming statistical results, the vast majority of refugees are nonviolent. Moreover, the political context of a refugee flow matters for the spread of conflict (see also here). 3 The Labor Market Consequences of Refugee Supply Shocks George J. Borjas and Joan Monras* 1. Introduction The recent inflow of hundreds of thousands of Syrian refugees into many European.
Messenger The ongoing crisis in the Mediterraneanwhich has seen more than 30 times as many people die as in the same period last year, has evoked unprecedented media attention.
What should be about a humanitarian tragedy has become hijacked by opportunist politicians, who in many cases have fundamentally and wilfully misrepresented the underlying causes of the problem. If solutions are based on that misrepresentation, they will fail and have harmful consequences.
UK foreign secretary, Phillip Hammond and others followed suit. Yet there are at least two problems with this narrative.
Second, and more importantly, it fails to recognise that smuggling does not cause migration, it responds to an underlying demand. Criminalising the smugglers serves as a convenient scapegoat. But it cannot solve the problem. It will simply displace the problem, increase prices, introduce ever less scrupulous market entrants, and make journey ever more perilous.
Crisis of displacement The real causes of the tragedy are two-fold. First, we need to situate the tragedy in a broader context. There is a global displacement crisis. Around the world, more people are displaced than at any time since the World War II.
Globally, there are more than 50m displaced and 16m refugees. To take the case of Syria, there are 9m displaced Syrians; 3m of whom are refugees. Most are in Turkey, Jordan, and Lebanon.
But countries like Jordan and Lebanon — whose capacities are stretched to breaking point — are now closing their borders and in need of international burden-sharing. These people have to go somewhere and increasingly they are travelling on to Europe in search of protection.
Mare Nostrum saved more thanlives last year. Since the ending of Mare Nostrum many fewer have been rescued and many more have died. To address the crisis, it is these two causes that need to be looked at first.
We know from existing data that the people crossing the Mediterranean are increasingly from refugee-producing countries such as Syria, Eritrea, and Somalia.
While some — coming from West Africa — may well be more likely to be leaving poverty or seeking opportunity, a huge proportion are therefore fleeing conflict and persecution and are in need of international protection.
We have international legal obligations to protect such people. Yet the EU has largely failed to recognise this. On Monday, the EU held an emergency meeting in Luxembourg at which it produced a ten-point plan.
This was vague in detail but the emphasis was on dismantling the smugglers and on containing migration from within North Africa. References to humanitarian roles such as expanding Triton and refugee resettlement remained under-specified. The logic, in other words, was primarily about containment and counter-smuggling operations.
The statement highlights deportation and immigration control; it is a manifesto for containment. It again shows a misunderstanding of the underlying causes of the problem, and it likely to be inconsistent with international refugee and human rights law.
There are no simple solutions to this issue. But the key to finding solutions is by putting the issue in its broader context.Refugees add to rural labor, contribute to cultivation of new lands and buy from local markets.
Refugees represent increased income for a host country. They do, however, cause many social and cultural confrontations (e.g. use of alcohol, sexual preferences, religious preferences). Now harboring at least million Syrians, Turkey has become the number-one destination for refugees fleeing the conflict, followed by Lebanon at over one million.
This influx is transforming Turkey's ethnic and sectarian makeup, particularly in the southern provinces bordering Syria. How will refugees affect European economies?
What’s at stake: The continuing wave of refugees arriving at the borders of the European Union has sparked discussions all around Europe on how to deal with it, and what the impact will be on the European economies.
Jun 14, · Causes and Consequences of Environmental Refugees The problem can also be approached by asking how different environmental refugees are from economic and political refugees.
Again we run into problems, as the world’s political hot-spots correlate closely with environmental degradation. The Refugee Crisis: Evaluating the Effects of Displaced Populations on the World’s Environment By Jayna M. Smith One of the greatest challenges facing public health officials today has been preparing for the health problems experienced by large populations displaced by natural or man-made disasters.
Environmental factors cause displacement, or the forced movement of people by social or environmental factors. [viii] Crop failure for example, often results in both food scarcity and a drop in agricultural jobs, prompting people to move to a place with better job opportunities and climate.