All dates are AD or CE current era unless otherwise specified. Some dates are approximations or "educated guesses. You can click any hyperlinked poem title or writer name to "drill down.
Early life[ edit ] A portrait of Donne as a young man, c. Donne's father was a respected Roman Catholic who avoided unwelcome government attention out of fear of persecution.
John Syminges, a wealthy widower with three children, a few months after Donne's father died. Donne thus acquired a stepfather. Two more of his sisters, Mary and Katherine, died in Donne's mother lived her last years in the Deanery after Donne became Dean of St Paul's, and died just two months before Donne, in January After three years of studies there, Donne was admitted to the University of Cambridgewhere he studied for another three years.
It defined "Popish recusants" as those "convicted for not repairing to some Church, Chapel, or usual place of Common Prayer to hear Divine Service there, but forbearing the same contrary to the tenor of the laws and statutes heretofore made and provided in that behalf".
Donne's brother Henry was also a university student prior to his arrest in for harbouring a Catholic priest, William Harringtonwhom he betrayed under torture.
Marriage to Anne More[ edit ] During the next four years Donne fell in love with Egerton's niece Anne More, and they were secretly married just before Christmas  inagainst the wishes of both Egerton and George Morewho was Lieutenant of the Tower and Anne's father.
Upon discovery, this wedding ruined Donne's career, getting him fired and put in Fleet Prisonalong with the Church of England priest Samuel Brookewho married them,  and the man who acted as a witness to the wedding. Donne was released shortly thereafter when the marriage was proven valid, and he soon secured the release of the other two.
Walton tells us that when Donne wrote to his wife to tell her about losing his post, he wrote after his name: John Donne, Anne Donne, Un-done. It was not until that Donne was reconciled with his father-in-law and received his wife's dowry.
Part of the house where Donne lived in Pyrford After his release, Donne had to accept a retired country life in a small house in PyrfordSurrey, owned by Anne's cousin, Sir Francis Wooleywhere they resided until the end of Though he also worked as an assistant pamphleteer to Thomas Morton writing anti-Catholic pamphlets, Donne was in a constant state of financial insecurity.
Three Francis, Nicholas, and Mary died before they were ten. In a state of despair that almost drove him to kill himself, Donne noted that the death of a child would mean one mouth fewer to feed, but he could not afford the burial expenses. During this time, Donne wrote but did not publish Biathanatoshis defense of suicide.
Career and later life[ edit ] In John Donne was elected as Member of Parliament MP for the constituency of Brackleybut membership was not a paid position. The fashion for coterie poetry of the period gave Donne a means to seek patronage, and many of his poems were written for wealthy friends or patrons, especially MP Sir Robert Drury of Hawsted —whom he met in and became Donne's chief patron, furnishing him and his family an apartment in his large house in Drury Lane.
Donne sat as an MP again, for Tauntonin the Addled Parliament of but though he attracted five appointments within its business he made no recorded speech.
Donne did not return to England until During his period as dean his daughter Lucy died, aged eighteen. In late November and early December he suffered a nearly fatal illness, thought to be either typhus or a combination of a cold followed by a period of fever. During his convalescence he wrote a series of meditations and prayers on health, pain, and sickness that were published as a book in under the title of Devotions upon Emergent Occasions.
One of these meditations, Meditation XVIIlater became well known for its phrases "No man is an Iland" often modernised as " No man is an island " and " Death[ edit ] Donne died on 31 March and was buried in old St Paul's Cathedralwhere a memorial statue of him by Nicholas Stone was erected with a Latin epigraph probably composed by himself.
The statue was claimed by Izaac Walton in his biography to have been modelled from the life by Donne in order to suggest his appearance at the resurrection; it was to start a vogue in such monuments during the course of the 17th century.
His satires dealt with common Elizabethan topics, such as corruption in the legal system, mediocre poets, and pompous courtiers. His images of sickness, vomit, manure, and plague reflected his strongly satiric view of a society populated by fools and knaves.Founded in , Princeton University Press is an independent publisher with close connections, both formal and informal, to Princeton University.
The HyperTexts English Poetry Timeline and Chronology English Literature Timeline and Chronology World Literature Timeline and Chronology This is a timeline of English poetry and literature, from the earliest Celtic, Gaelic, Druidic, Anglo-Roman, Anglo-Saxon and Anglo-Norman works, to the present day.
John Donne: Poems study guide contains a biography of John Donne, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. An introduction, biography, and brief critical overview for Ernest Hemingway, from educational publisher Pearson Literature.
"Ernest Hemingway." A short introduction to Hemingway and his writing from the American Masters series on PBS. Old English literature, or Anglo-Saxon literature, encompasses the surviving literature written in Old English in Anglo-Saxon England, in the period after the settlement of the Saxons and other Germanic tribes in England (Jutes and the Angles) c.
, after the withdrawal of the Romans, and "ending soon after the Norman Conquest" in . These are some of the many databases available to you as a member of Middletown Thrall Library: Artemis (now Gale Literary Sources) Searches the following databases (described below): Literature Criticism Online, Literature for Students, Literature Resource Center, and Something about the Author.