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From birth to Constantinople. Nor was the visit to Rome a success. Final years These events set the course of the last phase of the reign of Constantine. Rome had long been unsuited to the strategic needs of the empire. It was now to be left in splendid isolation, as an enormously wealthy and prestigious city—still the emotional focus of the empire—but of limited political importance.
Her journey was attended by almsgiving and pious works and was distinguished by her church foundations at Jerusalem and at Bethlehem.
The discovery was taken up with enthusiasm by Constantine, who instigated the building of a great new basilica at the spot, offering unlimited help with labour and materials and suggestions as to design and decoration.
At Rome, the great church of St. Peter was begun in the later s and lavishly endowed by Constantine with plate and property. The emperor was an earnest student of his religion. Even before the defeat of Licinius, he had summoned to Trier the theologian and polemicist Lactantius to be the tutor of Crispus.
In later years he commissioned new copies of the Bible for the growing congregations at Constantinople.
He composed a special prayer for his troops and went on campaigns with a mobile chapel in a tent. He issued numerous laws relating to Christian practice and susceptibilities: Constantine had hoped to be baptized in the Jordan Riverbut perhaps because of the lack of opportunity to do so—together possibly with the reflection that his office necessarily involved responsibility for actions hardly compatible with the baptized state—he delayed the Emperor constantine a good leader essay until the end of his life.
It was while preparing for a campaign against Persia that he fell ill at Helenopolis. When treatment failed, he made to return to Constantinople but was forced to take to his bed near Nicomedia. There, Constantine received baptismputting off the imperial purple for the white robes of a neophyte; and he died in He was buried at Constantinople in his church of the Apostles, whose memorials, six on each side, flanked his tomb.
Legacy The reign of Constantine must be interpreted against the background of his personal commitment to Christianity. His public actions and policies, however, were not entirely without ambiguity.
Roman opinion expected of its emperors not innovation but the preservation of traditional ways; Roman propaganda and political communication were conditioned, by statement, allusionand symbol, to express these expectations.
The suppression of paganismby law and by the sporadic destruction of pagan shrines, is balanced by particular acts of deference.
A town in Asia Minor mentioned the unanimous Christianity of its inhabitants in support of a petition to the emperor; while, on the other hand, one in Italy was allowed to hold a local festival incorporating gladiatorial games and to found a shrine of the imperial dynasty—although direct religious observance there was firmly forbidden.
Traditional country magic was tolerated by Constantine. Classical culture and education, which were intimately linked with paganism, continued to enjoy enormous prestige and influence; provincial priesthoods, which were as intimately linked with civic life, long survived the reign of Constantine.
Constantinople itself was predominantly a Christian city, its dedication celebrated by Christian services; yet its foundation was also attended by a well-known pagan seer, Sopatros. So may be judged the further development, taking place in his reign, of the administrative court hierarchy and an increasing reliance upon a mobile field army, to what was considered the detriment of frontier garrisons.
The establishment by Constantine of a new gold cointhe soliduswhich was to survive for centuries as the basic unit of Byzantine currency, could hardly have been achieved without the work of his predecessors in restoring political and military stability after the anarchy of the 3rd century.
A real innovation, from which Constantine could expect little popularity, was his institution of a new tax, the collatio lustralis. It was levied every five years upon trade and business and seems to have become genuinely oppressive. A lavish spender, Constantine was notoriously openhanded to his supporters and was accused of promoting beyond their deserts men of inferior social status.
Yet it, too, had been foreshadowed; Diocletian enhanced Nicomedia to an extent that was considered to challenge Rome. Its Senate, created to match that of Rome, long lacked the aristocratic pedigree and prestige of its counterpart.
In military policy Constantine enjoyed unbroken success, with triumphs over the Franks, Sarmatians, and Goths to add to his victories in the civil wars; the latter, in particular, show a bold and imaginative mastery of strategy.
Constantine was totally ruthless toward his political enemies, while his legislation, apart from its concessions to Christianity, is notable mainly for a brutality that became characteristic of late Roman enforcement of law.
It was the development, after his example, of a Christianized imperial governing class that, together with his dynastic success, most firmly entrenched the privileged position of Christianity; and it was this movement of fashion, rather than the enforcement of any program of legislation, that was the basis of the Christianization of the Roman Empire.
Emerging from it in the course of the 4th century were two developments that contributed fundamentally to the nature of Byzantine and Western medieval culture: Constantine left much for his successors to do, but it was his personal choice made in that determined the emergence of the Roman Empire as a Christian state.Roman Emperor Essay Roman emperor 1 Roman Constantine was a great leader known for the changes he made to Rome, he is very well known for his support and promotion of Christianity, which up to his day had been a weak, looked down upon,hated, and often persecuted faith.
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Essays on Emperor. The Emperor is one of the most popular assignments among students' documents. If you are stuck with writing or missing ideas, scroll down and find inspiration in the best samples. of the of the Constantine The Great – Emperor Constantine I Constantine is considered one of the most influential emperors in the roman.
Kids learn about the biography of Constantine the Great from Ancient Rome. The first Christain Roman emperor. Parents and Teachers he named Constantine as Emperor, or Augustus, of the western portion of the Roman Empire.
Constantine then ruled over Britain, Gaul, and Spain. The people began to see him as a good leader. He also stopped. Constantine was not a good financial leader.
He spent a great deal of money on his special projects and on his supporters. Moving the capital to Constantinople was very costly and no expense was spared in rebuilding the city to imperial standards. Constantine the Great - Constantine the Great Constantine the Great, first Christian Emperor, originator of Constantinople, creator of the Byzantine Empire, military conqueror, and honored saint, has been labeled by many the most instrumental emperor of the Roman Empire.