Names and Titles of Jesus: Faithful Discipleship in a Foreign Land.
The outline of this presentation would cover what organizations are, the Metaphors as propounded by Gareth Morgan, choose an organization and discuss the strengths and weaknesses of the chosen organization as a metaphor, critique the chosen organization and analyse it in respect to the Organism Metaphor.
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An organization is a social entity that has a collective goal and is linked to an external environment. A metaphor is a figure of speech that describes a subject by asserting that is, on some point of comparison, the same as another otherwise unrelated object. Having defined these two terms above, let us now turn our attention to Organizational Metaphors.
Our interpretations of organisations are always based on some sort of theory to explain reality Morgan. Many ideas about organisations and management are based on a small number of taken for granted beliefs and assumptions.
Organisations are complex and can be understood in terms of several perspectives. People who are inflexible only see organisations in terms of one of these metaphors, but people who are open and flexible and suspend judgement are able to recognise several perspectives, which open up several rather than only a single possibility for dealing with organisations and their problems.
We live in a world that is increasingly complex and deal with complexity by ignoring it. Morgan identifies nine organisational perspectives.
The machine view which dominates modern management thinking and which is typical of bureaucracies. The organismic view which emphasises growth, adaptation and environmental relations. Organisations as information processors that can learn brain metaphor. Organisations as cultures based on values, norms, beliefs, rituals and so on.
In political organisations interests, conflict and power issues predominate. Some organisations are psychic prisons in which people are trapped by their mindsets. Organisations can adapt and change, and 8. Some organisations are instruments of domination with the emphasis on exploitation and imposing your will on others.
A summary of this is depicted in the table below: In looking at the Organism Metaphor, the first question I raise is: Machines are not affected by their environment for the most part. Is this true about organizations?
Every aspect of biological and cosmological life is affected by its environment: This metaphor is therefore a move away from the Mechanistic view to a more Biological view and suggests that organizations are open systems and must adapt to grow and survive.
If they do not adapt, they will weaken and may die, because, in certain environments, certain organizations tend to appear and thrieve. For example, Bureaucratic organizations function best in orderly, stable environments.
This implies that organizations operate more effectively when needs are met. Let us now consider a bit of history of the organism metaphor.
They opined that workers have needs-most workers like meaningful work, responsibility, autonomy and democratic work structures. Socio-technical systems show a dependent relationship between technology and human needs.
The Open Systems Approach explains that organizations are made up of interrelated sub-systems, like organisms are made of interrelated parts and organs.
This approach has helped to break away from bureaucratic thinking and have led to the perspective of Contingency Theory.What are Life Metaphors?
Do you have one, and if so, what perspective does it provide? How does it affect your life through its inherent strengths and weaknesses? During my NLP Practitioner training at the iNLP Center, we completed a module on Life Metaphors that has profoundly changed my life.
Prior to the module I tended to look at life as a regardbouddhiste.com used in the questionnaire to pin point both the strengths and weaknesses of the coursebook. By analyzing and categorizing metaphors by the students, the study found that Key words: Communicative coursebook; CECL; Metaphor; Metaphor analysis metaphors to be not only a research object but also a research tool (Cameron & Maslen, , p regardbouddhiste.com Nine key metaphors for career are considered—the career as inheritance, construction, cycle, matching, journey, encounters and relationships, roles, resource, and story.
These metaphors act as frameworks for much career theory, and each presents specific career regardbouddhiste.com://regardbouddhiste.com Depending on for whom, metaphors relative values, association, strengths and weaknesses vary rustically.
Lets take a look at the metaphor the war on terrorism. Suppose that this is created for America, as In reality, Its strengths are, first, that the word terrorism gives right and Justice to those who are fighting against regardbouddhiste.com://regardbouddhiste.com Adversity Quotient @ Work: Make Everyday Challenges the Key to Your Success--Putting the Principles of AQ Into Action [Paul G.
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But much of our thinking, left to itself, is biased, distorted, .