The first psychologists were philosophers; however, the field became more sophisticated as scientific approaches were developed. Explain the historical evolution of psychology, tracing its roots from Ancient Greece to the modern day. You are interested in conducting a research study that investigates whether listening to different types of music while studying improves test scores in an Introduction to Psychology course.
Outline principles that define the Biological Level of Analysis Introduction State what you are doing in the essay This essay will give a brief summary of the principles that define the biological level of analysis. Define the biological level of analysis The biological level of analysis BLA states that all cognitions, emotions and behaviours have a physiological basis.
Bidirectional relationship between other levels of analysis Behaviour is not only a result of biological factors alone; other factors like cognitions and the environment interact with one another, resulting in specific behaviours Cognition can affect biology and biology can affect cognition The environment can also affect physiological processes and vice versa Nature vs.
Body The first principle states that 1. Cognitions, emotions and behaviours are products of the anatomy and physiology of our nervous and endocrine systems. There are biological correlates of behaviour Describe the principle Specific brain processes, neurotransmitters, and hormones can play a role in behaviour.
These physiological processes are what forms the basis of the biological level of analysis, in relation to how it functions and therefore affects human behaviour in everyday life. Outline the approaches that can be made towards this principle This can be viewed using a reductionist approach, i.
NGRIs had less activity in prefrontal cortex which is linked to self-control and emotion Subsequently showing how biological factors brain structure may thus affect behaviour This study supports the idea that there are biological correlates of behaviour because it was shown that there was a correlation between the behaviour of aggression and the physiology of the brain, in how when parts of the brain are damaged, the functions that are associated with it are impaired.
The next principle that will be outlined of the BLA is that Animal research can provide insight into human behaviour. Revolves around the idea that humans and many animals are different species now because of thousands of years of evolutionary adaptation to environmental demands.
Natural selection - those who adapt best to environmental challenges will have characteristics better suited to the environment and are more likely to pass on these traits Evolution is attributed as to why humans and some animals share some similar anatomy and behaviour Therefore, inferences about humans can be made from animal research.
Many animals, especially monkeys of the ape family have similar bodily systems as ours, so it can be presumed that when put in the same situation; humans would behave similarly to the animals. This idea is useful when testing treatments, although it does raise ethical issues in the treatment of animals, unless it is for a good cause and that it can be applied to humans and their health.
Connection of study to principle Berthold observed that roosters were less masculine and did not crow or participate in sexual or aggressive behaviour after its testes were removed This thus shows that the hormone secreted by the testicles testosterone is linked with dominant male behaviours.
It also highlights the importance of using animals to determine human behaviour. It can be seen that there is sufficient support for the principles of the BLA.
It can be seen that in all three principles, other factors need to be taken into account before determining these principles as the sole influences of human behaviour. These principles help to guide studies from a biological perspective. Views from all levels of analysis need to be taken into account before reaching a determined decision on influences on human behaviour.Database of FREE Psychology essays - We have thousands of free essays across a wide range of subject areas.
Sample Psychology essays! Role of Humor in Reducing Job Stress and Depression.
Psychologists have long been interested in the study of personality because it is useful for understanding and predicting human behaviour. . Mclaughlin understanding social work research paper. wuthering heights essay introduction bipolar disease research paper investwrite essay visual rhetoric analysis essay essay on the role of women in modern society ufc post fight argumentative essays explanatory research essay extroverted personality essay psychology.
The idea of social construction of gender sees society, not biological sex differences, as the basis for gender identity (Anderson, Logio & Taylor, ). There are many different processes by which the expectations associated with being a boy or a girl is passed on through society. Gender roles play an important role in shaping the way we think about others in society and the way we study and write about regardbouddhiste.comlly, the characterization of women as being ‘weak’ has prevailed in many different facets of women’s lives.
Essay UK offers professional custom essay writing, dissertation writing and coursework writing service. Our work is high quality, plagiarism-free and delivered on time. Essay UK is a trading name of Student Academic Services Limited, a company registered in England . THE ROLE OF RELIGION AND SPIRITUALITY IN COUNSELING A Senior Project submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Bachelor of Science Degree in Psychology.