Skinner illustrates the importance of form in his analysis of verbal behavior. In that analysis, form plays an important part in contingency control. Form and function complement each other.
Skinner and Piaget Summary of B.
Skinner and Piaget 11 November Behaviorism One of the most influential members of the behaviorist movement, as well as among psychologists who study human development was B. Skinner Diessner,p.
Skinner was notable for his description of the acquisition of new behavior through the use of reinenforcement and punishment called operant conditioning Diessner, Skinner also contributed his behaviorist explanation of language development through his concept of verbal behavior Diessner, We will write a custom essay sample on Summary of B.
It is also noted by Skinner that verbal behavior does not need an audience, and that a speaker can become a listener as a result reinenforcing his own behavior Diessner, Even though it is implied by communication theory that the speaker and listener share the same meanings in the messages conveyed, Skinner states that meanings are not the same in the speaker and the listener; instead the verbal responses are understood as signs or symbols of the situation, by the listener Diessner, Through the manipulation of sentences, invention of alphabet, and discovery of grammar and such, it is understood that verbal behavior has its own independent status, which can be further explained by the meaning onveyed in written records by the writer and the meaning a reader produces on his own without regard of the verbal behavior of the writer Diessner, Volume Conservation Jean Piaget, a Swiss born scientist often referred to as a developmental psychologist, but truly an epistemologist, who made many contributions to educational psychology conducted many experiments to support his theories and concepts Diessner, ; Mooney, One of his experiments called the conservation of volume experiment, had suggestions of children learning and understanding arithmetic, geometry and aspects of spatial reasoning by trying to understand how substances maintain the same quantity in volume even after the shape changes Diessner, In the experiment described in Diessner selection 25 Conservation of Continuous Quantities, two identical, squat beakers and one tall, narrow beaker were used, despite a different setup in the original experiment by Piaget, with children ages ranging from 4 years to 7 years and 2 months old.
First, some children were able to assume that the quantity of liquid would not change when poured from the one tall beaker into the two smaller glasses, but when more glasses were introduced the child went back to the prior stage belief of nonconservation Diessner, Another reaction to the experiment was that the child accepted the concept of conservation but as soon as the quantity was greater the child became uncertain Diessner, An explanation for these reactions can be that as the child transitions from preoperational to concrete operational stage their ideas of reasoning are still developing Mooney, In this group children recognized that the quantities of liquid are conserved and the nature of its changes immediately, for the most part, without hesitation Diessner, Since the children in this stage are considered to be in the concrete operational stage of cognitive development, it can be said that their understanding of the experiment can be explained by the behavior of being able to form ideas based on reasoning and their perception of the changes is better Mooney, The verbal community and the societal construction of consciousness.
Behavioral and Social Issues.Verbal Behavior Essay Words 4 Pages Skinner's book “Verbal Behavior,” first published in , presented his ideas about the influence of language can be used in the framework for behavioral research and analysis.
Start studying Verbal Behavior Definitions. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Listener Behavior (Receptive) Mand * Skinner () "everyone mistrusts verbal responses which describe private events" OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR.
In , the Harvard departments of psychology and philosophy began sponsoring an endowed lecture series in honor of William James and continued to do so at irregular intervals for nearly 60 years.
The interaction between language and behavior is emphasized by Skinner in Diessner (), in which the speaker is “in contact with a situation to which a listener is disposed to respond” (p. ), and the verbal response from the speaker allows the listener to respond properly.
-The listener not only plays a critical role as a mediator of reinforcement for the speaker's behavior, but also becomes a discriminative stimulus for the speaker's behavior.
-In functioning as a discriminative stimulus, the listener is a audience for verbal behavior. To Skinner verbal behavior is basically a behavior which is “reinenforced through the mediation of others” (Skinner, , p.
2) and ultimately the speaker by applying controlling variables of operant conditioning principles (Burk, ; Diessner, ).