What should you know? Tourette syndrome is a condition of the nervous system. Tics are sudden twitches, movements, or sounds that people do repeatedly. People who have tics cannot stop their body from doing these things.
Where can I get more information? What is Tourette syndrome? Tourette syndrome Tourettes syndrome in children is a neurological disorder characterized by repetitive, stereotyped, involuntary movements and vocalizations called tics.
The disorder is named for Dr. Georges Gilles de la Tourette, the pioneering French neurologist who in first described the condition in an year-old French noblewoman. The early symptoms of TS are typically noticed first in childhood, with the average onset between the ages of 3 and 9 years.
TS occurs in people from all ethnic groups; males are affected about three to four times more often than females. It is estimated thatAmericans have the most severe form of TS, and as many as one in exhibit milder and less complex symptoms such as chronic motor or vocal tics.
Although TS can be a chronic condition with symptoms lasting a lifetime, most people with the condition experience their worst tic symptoms in their early teens, with improvement occurring in the late teens and continuing into adulthood.
Tics are classified as either simple or complex. Simple motor tics are sudden, brief, repetitive movements that involve a limited number of muscle groups. Some of the more common simple tics include eye blinking and other eye movements, facial grimacing, shoulder shrugging, and head or shoulder jerking.
Simple vocalizations might include repetitive throat-clearing, sniffing, or grunting sounds. Complex tics are distinct, coordinated patterns of movements involving several muscle groups.
Complex motor tics might include facial grimacing combined with a head twist and a shoulder shrug. Other complex motor tics may actually appear purposeful, including sniffing or touching objects, hopping, jumping, bending, or twisting. More complex vocal tics include words or phrases.
However, coprolalia is only present in a small number 10 to 15 percent of individuals with TS.
Some tics are preceded by an urge or sensation in the affected muscle group, commonly called a premonitory urge. Some with TS will describe a need to complete a tic in a certain way or a certain number of times in order to relieve the urge or decrease the sensation.
Tics are often worse with excitement or anxiety and better during calm, focused activities. Certain physical experiences can trigger or worsen tics, for example tight collars may trigger neck tics, or hearing another person sniff or throat-clear may trigger similar sounds.
Tics do not go away during sleep but are often significantly diminished.Your child is more likely to have TS if a close family member has TS.
It is more common in boys. Ask your child's healthcare provider for more information about family history and other risk factors for TS.
What kinds of tics may my child have? Your child will have at least 2 . Mar 25, · Tourette syndrome (TS) is a childhood neuropsychiatric disorder characterized by motor and phonic (vocal) tics.
It is often associated with behavior disorders, particularly obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). These children also had associated coexisting .
An HBO video of children who are dealing with Tourette Syndrome. Produced in association with the Tourette Association, I HAVE TOURETTE’S, BUT TOURETTE’S DOESN’T HAVE ME presents a candid, wide-ranging look at the lives of children growing up with this baffling condition.
Symptoms of Tourette Syndrome (Tics) tend to emerge between the ages of years and often increase in frequency and severity between the ages of years. In addition to the medical and behavioral challenges that come hand-in-had with TS, children also face challenging social and educational situations, which can be stressful.
Tourette syndrome is a condition that affects a person's central nervous system and causes tics (movements or sounds that a person can't control and that are repeated over and over). There are two kinds of tics — motor tics and vocal tics. Tourettes Syndrome in Children Tourette’s syndrome, also called Tourette’s disorder is named after the neurologist, Gilles de la Tourette.
Sometimes it is referred to as GTS but more often it is simply called Tourette’s or ‘TS’.