Some of these pyramids are quite well-known, whilst others are much more obscure. Despite being recognized by the Guinness Book of Records as the largest pyramid in the world, one of the less familiar pyramids is the Great Pyramid of Cholula. It should be mentioned here that the Great Pyramid of Cholula which actually functioned as a temple is the largest pyramid in the world in terms of its volume.
The color black and the direction north were associated with him. He possessed a magical mirror that allowed him to see inside people's hearts, and the Aztecs considered themselves his slaves.
In his animal form, he appeared as a jaguar.
His dual nature caused him to bring good fortune sometimes and misery at other times. Tezcatlipoca's great rival and opponent in cosmic battles, as well as his partner in acts of creation, was Quetzalcoatl Feathered Serpent Was hernan cortes a positive or, an ancient Mexican and Central American deity associated in Aztec mythology with the color white and the direction west.
Some stories about Quetzalcoatl refer to him as an earthly priest-king, suggesting that there may have been a Toltec king by that name whose legend became mixed with mythology. As a god, Quetzalcoatl had many different aspects. He was the planet Venus both a morning and an evening starthe god of twins, and the god of learning.
The Aztecs credited him with inventing the calendar. A peaceful god, Quetzalcoatl accepted sacrifices of animals and jade but not of human blood.
When he was defeated by Tezcatlipoca, Quetzalcoatl sailed out into the Atlantic Ocean on a raft of serpents. The legend arose that he would return over the sea from the east at the end of one of the Aztec year calendar cycles.
The souls of warriors who died in battle were said to become hummingbirds and follow him across the sky. Blue was his color and south his direction. The Aztecs claimed that an idol of Huitzilopochtli had led them south during their long migration and told them to build their capital on the site where an eagle was seen eating a snake.
Xipe Totec Flayed Lord had a dual nature as well.
He was a god of vegetation, of life-giving spring growth, and at the same time, a fearsome god of torture and sacrifice. His double meaning reflected the Aztec vision of a universal balance in which new life had to be paid for in blood. Xipe Totec's color was red, his direction east.
The Aztecs took up in addition the worship of Tlaloc, an important god of rain and fertility long known under various names in Mexico and Central America.
He governed a host of lesser gods called Tlaloques, who made thunder and rain by smashing their water jars. Other deities, such as Huitzilopochtli's mother, the earth goddess Coatlicue Lady of the Serpent Skirtprobably played key parts in the religion of the common people, who were mainly farmers.
Many deities were associated with flowers, summer, fertility, and corn. Major Myths Many Aztec myths tell all or part of the story of the five suns. The Aztecs believed that four suns, or worlds, had existed before theirs.
In each case, catastrophic events had destroyed everything, and the world had come to an end. Tezcatlipoca created the first sun, known as Nahui-Ocelotl, or Four-Jaguar. It came to an end when Quetzalcoatl struck down Tezcatlipoca, who became a jaguar and destroyed all the people.
However, Tezcatlipoca threw Quetzalcoatl off his throne, and together the fallen god and the sun were carried off by a hurricane of wind. People turned into monkeys and fled into the forest. The third sun, Nahuiquiahuitl or Four-Rain, belonged to the rain god Tlaloc. Quetzalcoatl destroyed it with fire that fell from the heavens.
A year flood destroyed that sun, and the people turned into fish. The Loss of the Ancients Many stories told of the Loss of the Ancients, the mythic event in which the first people disappeared from the earth.
One version says that Tezcatlipoca stole the sun, but Quetzalcoatl chased him and knocked him back down to earth with a stick. Tezcatlipoca then changed into a jaguar and devoured the people who lived in that world. The Aztecs combined versions of this story to explain the disappearance of people at the end of each of the four worlds that had existed before theirs.
Carvings on a stone calendar found in tell how jaguars, wind, fire, and flood in turn destroyed the Ancients. They believed that the earth was a flat disk divided into north, east, south, and west quarters, each associated with a color, special gods, and certain days.
At the center was Huehueteotl, god of fire. Above the earth were 13 heavens; below it were 9 underworlds, where the dead dwelled, making 9 an extremely unlucky number. A myth about Tezcatlipoca and Quetzalcoatl tells how the world was quartered.
They made the earth by seizing a woman from the sky and pulling her into the shape of a cross. Her body became the earth, which, angered by their rough treatment, devoured the dead.Hernan Cortes was the Spanish conquistador that destroyed the empire of the Aztecs and claimed Mexico for the Spanish crown.
He became governor of the territory at the behest of King Charles I. Legacy Hernán Cortés remains one of the most successful of the Spanish conquistadors. He was a hero in the 16th century, but history remembers him differently. He was a hero in the 16th century, but history remembers him differently.
Aug 21, · Hernan Cortes. Contents. Born around in Medellín, Spain, Cortés first served as a soldier in an expedition of Cuba led by Diego Velázquez in . Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for The River of Corn: Conquistadors Clash with Native Americans at regardbouddhiste.com Read honest and unbiased product reviews from our users.
Hernan Cortes was born in in a town called Medellin in Extremadura. It talks about little of his child hood and little about his young life except that he studied law at the University of Salamanca.
His law school years were cut short in when he decided to try his luck in the New World. Charles V (24 February - 21 September ) was ruler of the Holy Roman Empire from and, as Charles I, of the Spanish Empire from until his voluntary abdication.